Author(s): Caignard G, Guerbois M, Labernardire JL, Jacob Y, Jones LM Infectious Map,
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Abstract Viruses have evolved various strategies to escape the antiviral activity of type I interferons (IFN-alpha/beta). For measles virus, this function is carried by the polycistronic gene P that encodes, by an unusual editing strategy, for the phosphoprotein P and the virulence factor V (MV-V). MV-V prevents STAT1 nuclear translocation by either sequestration or phosphorylation inhibition, thereby blocking IFN-alpha/beta pathway. We show that both the N- and C-terminal domains of MV-V (PNT and VCT) contribute to the inhibition of IFN-alpha/beta signaling. Using the two-hybrid system and co-affinity purification experiments, we identified STAT1 and Jak1 as interactors of MV-V and demonstrate that MV-V can block the direct phosphorylation of STAT1 by Jak1. A deleterious mutation within the PNT domain of MV-V (Y110H) impaired its ability to interact and block STAT1 phosphorylation. Thus, MV-V interacts with at least two components of IFN-alpha/beta receptor complex to block downstream signaling.
This article was published in Virology
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology