Author(s): Starr JI, Mako ME, Juhn D, Rubenstein AH
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Abstract The variation in cross-reactivity of human and porcine insulins and proinsulins was determined with a number of insulin antisera. The relative immunoreactivity of insulin and proinsulin with these antisera ranged from a ratio of 1.08 to 5.7 on a molar basis. The displacement curves of human insulin and proinsulin were not parallel, and the relationship of porcine and human proinsulin varied with different antisera. Sera with varying concentrations of PLM (proinsulin and its intermediate components) and serum PLM and insulin fractions (separated by gel filtration) were measured in two assays using the antisera which reacted most differently with human insulin and proinsulin standards. With the use of these two antisera, measurement of serum PLM against a human insulin standard gave different results, which were only partially corrected by reading the values from a human proinsulin standard. The magnitude of the serum IRI differences with these antisera was related to the proinsulin/insulin ratio in each sample. These results indicate the necessity for each laboratory to critically evaluate the reaction of their insulin antiserum with human proinsulin. In addition, measurement of serum PLM in terms of a insulin standard will give different results depending upon the particular antiserum used.
This article was published in J Lab Clin Med
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology