Author(s): Masuda M, Morimoto T, Kobatake S, Nishimura N, Nakamoto K,
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Abstract FcgammaRIII (CD16) is found in two alternative forms, a transmembrane FcgammaRIIIa expressed on NK cells and macrophages, and a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked FcgammaRIIIb present on neutrophils. Previously, we measured soluble FcgammaRIIIa (sFcgammaRIIIa) in plasma of NA(1 +, 2-) phenotyped donors with the anti-FcgammaRIII monoclonal antibody (MoAb) GRM1, which recognizes NA2-FcgammaRIIIb and FcgammaRIIIa. The level of sFcgammaRIIIa, as well as the total sFcgammaRIII (sFcgammaRIIIa plus sFcgammaRIIIb) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was significantly higher than that in healthy controls. In this study, we measured sFcgammaRIIIa(M)(phi) in plasma with a newly developed anti-FcgammaRIII MoAb, MKGR14 (mIgM), which recognizes FcgammaRIIIa(M)(phi) specifically. From the recovery of purified sFcgammaRIIIa(M)(phi), the amount of sFcgammaRIIIa(M)(phi) present was about half that of sFcgammaRIIIa(NK), and that of sFcgammaRIIIa was about 50 times lower than that of sFcgammaRIIIb in pooled plasma from healthy NA(1 +, 2-) phenotyped donors. The level of sFcgammaRIIIa(M)(phi) in RA patients was about four times higher than that in healthy controls. In RA patients, both the sFcgammaRIIIa(M)(phi) and sFcgammaRIIIa levels were increased as proportionally as the Lansbury Index. The sFcgammaRIIIa, but not sFcgammaRIIIa(M)(phi) levels, were increased directly proportional to C-reactive protein. sFcgammaRIIIa(M)(phi) may be a novel marker of disease activity in RA.
This article was published in Clin Exp Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics