alexa Measurement of the solar gravitational deflection of radio waves using geodetic very-long-baseline interferometry data, 1979-1999.


Journal of Astrophysics & Aerospace Technology

Author(s): Shapiro SS, Davis JL, Lebach DE, Gregory JS

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Abstract We used very-long-baseline interferometry (VLBI) to measure the deflection by the Sun of radio waves emanating from distant compact radio sources. This bending is characterized in the parametrized post-Newtonian formalism by gamma, which is unity in general relativity. Using a large geodetic VLBI data set, we obtained gamma=0.9998(3)+/-0.0004(5) (estimated standard error). We found no systematic biases from our analysis of subgroups of data. This article was published in Phys Rev Lett and referenced in Journal of Astrophysics & Aerospace Technology

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