alexa Mechanical membrane injury induces axonal beading through localized activation of calpain.


Single Cell Biology

Author(s): Kilinc D, Gallo G, Barbee KA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Diffuse axonal injury (DAI), a major component of traumatic brain injury, is characterized by a sequence of neurochemical reactions initiated at the time of trauma and resulting in axonal degeneration and cell death. Calcium influx through mechanically induced axolemmal pores and subsequent activation of calpains are thought to be responsible for the cytoskeletal damage leading to impaired axonal transport. Focal disruption of cytoskeleton accompanied by the accumulation of transported membranous cargo leads to axonal beading which is the characteristic morphology of DAI. By applying fluid shear stress injury on cultured primary neurons, acute calcium (Ca(2+)) and calpain responses of axons to mechanical trauma were investigated. Intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) shows a steady increase following injury that can be blocked by sealing membrane pores with Poloxamer 188 and by chelating intra- or extracellular Ca(2+). Calpain activity increases in response to mechanical injury and this increase depends on Ca(2+) availability and on axolemmal permeability. Both the [Ca(2+)](i) increase and calpain activity exhibit focal peaks along the axons which co-localize with mitochondria and predict future axonal bead locations. These findings suggest that mechanoporation may be the initiating mechanism resulting in ensuing calcium fluxes and subsequent calpain activity and that post-injury membrane repair may be a valid therapeutic approach for acute intervention in DAI.
This article was published in Exp Neurol and referenced in Single Cell Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version