Author(s): Ando Y, Tsuzuki T
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Abstract The mechanism of chemical manipulation of the heat resistance of Clostridium perfringens type A spores was studied. Spores were converted to various ionic forms to base-exchange technique and these spores were heated at 95 degrees C. Of the four ionic forms, i.e. Ca2+, Na+, H+ and native, only hydrogen spores appeared to have been rapidly inactivated at this temperature, when survivors were enumerated on the ordinary plating medium. However, the recovery of the survivors was improved when the plating medium was supplemented with lysozyme, and more dramatically when the heated spores were pretreated with alkali followed by plating in the medium containing lysozyme. In contrast to crucial damage to germination, in particular to spore lytic enzyme, no appreciable amount of DPA was released from the heat-damaged H-spores. These results suggest that a germination system is involved in the thermal inactivation of the ionic forms of spores, and that exchangeable cation load plays a role in protection from thermal damage of the germination system within the spore. An enhancement of thermal stability of spore lytic enzyme in the presence of a high concentration of NaCl was consistent with the hypothesis.
This article was published in J Appl Bacteriol
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology