alexa Mechanism of radiosensitization by halogenated pyrimidines: effect of BrdU on radiation induction of DNA and chromosome damage and its correlation with cell killing.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Iliakis G, Kurtzman S, Pantelias G, Okayasu R, Iliakis G, Kurtzman S, Pantelias G, Okayasu R

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Abstract The effect of BrdU incorporation on cell radiosensitivity as well as on the induction of DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) and chromosome damage by radiation was studied in CHO cells. Induction of DNA DSB was measured by the nonunwinding filter elution technique and damage at the chromosome level was visualized and scored in G1 cells using the technique of premature chromosome condensation. The results indicated an increase in the radiosensitivity of cells grown in the presence of BrdU. Although sensitization was observed both in cells irradiated in the exponential phase and in cells irradiated in the plateau phase of growth, the degree of sensitization was greater in exponentially growing cells for the same degree of thymidine replacement by BrdU in the DNA. It is hypothesized that this indicates the possible importance of chromatin structure at the time of irradiation and/or the importance of chromatin conformation changes after irradiation in the expression of radiation-induced potentially lethal damage in cells containing BrdU. Incorporation of BrdU affected both the slope and the width of the shoulder of the survival curve and increased the induction of DNA and chromosome damage per unit absorbed dose. The increase observed in the slope of the survival curve was quantitatively similar to the increase observed in damage induction at the DNA and the chromosome level, suggesting a cause-effect relationship between these phenomena. Reduction in the width of the shoulder did not correlate with the increase in the induction of DNA and chromosome damage, suggesting that different phenomena, probably related to enhanced fixation of radiation-induced potentially lethal damage in cells containing BrdU, underlie its modulation.
This article was published in Radiat Res and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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