Author(s): Aertgeerts K, De Bondt HL, De Ranter CJ, Declerck PJ
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Abstract Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is unique among the serine proteinase inhibitors (serpins) in that it can adopt at least three different conformations (active, substrate and latent). We report the X-ray structure of a cleaved substrate variant of human PAI-1, which has a new beta-strand s4A formed by insertion of the amino-terminal portion of the reactive-site loop into beta-sheet A subsequent to cleavage. This is in contrast to the previous suggestion that the non-inhibitory function of substrate-type serpins is mainly due to an inability of the reactive-site loop to adopt this conformation. Comparison with the structure of latent PAI-1 provides insights into the molecular determinants responsible for the transition of the stressed active conformation to the thermostable latent conformation.
This article was published in Nat Struct Biol
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine