alexa Mechanisms for induction of acquired host immunity by neutrophil peptide defensins.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Lillard JW Jr, Boyaka PN, Chertov O, Oppenheim JJ, McGhee JR

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Abstract Human neutrophil peptide (HNP) defensins were studied to determine their potential effects on adaptive mucosal immunity. Intranasal delivery of HNPs plus ovalbumin (OVA) enhanced OVA-specific serum IgG antibody (Ab) responses. However, OVA-specific IgA Abs were not induced in mucosal secretions or in serum. CD4(+) T cells of intranasally immunized mice displayed higher OVA-specific proliferative responses and elevated production of interferon gamma, interleukin (IL) 5, IL-6, and IL-10 when compared with control groups receiving OVA alone. In vitro, HNPs also enhanced both proliferative responses and T helper (Th) cytokine secretion profiles of CD3epsilon-stimulated spleen- and Peyer's patch-derived naive CD4(+) T cells. HNPs modulated the expression of costimulatory molecules by lipopolysaccharide- or CD3epsilon-stimulated splenic and Peyer's patch B or T cell populations, respectively. These studies show that defensins enhance systemic IgG, but not IgA, Ab responses through help provided by CD4(+) Th1- and Th2-type cytokines and foster B and T cell interactions to link innate immunity with the adaptive immune system.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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