Author(s): Hadjiagapiou C, Schmidt L, Dudeja PK, Layden TJ, Ramaswamy K
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Abstract The short-chain fatty acid butyrate was readily taken up by Caco-2 cells. Transport exhibited saturation kinetics, was enhanced by low extracellular pH, and was Na(+) independent. Butyrate uptake was unaffected by DIDS; however, alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamate and the butyrate analogs propionate and L-lactate significantly inhibited uptake. These results suggest that butyrate transport by Caco-2 cells is mediated by a transporter belonging to the monocarboxylate transporter family. We identified five isoforms of this transporter, MCT1, MCT3, MCT4, MCT5, and MCT6, in Caco-2 cells by PCR, and MCT1 was found to be the most abundant isoform by RNase protection assay. Transient transfection of MCT1, in the antisense orientation, resulted in significant inhibition of butyrate uptake. The cells fully recovered from this inhibition by 5 days after transfection. In conclusion, our data showed that the MCT1 transporter may play a major role in the transport of butyrate into Caco-2 cells.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability