Author(s): Robert J, Auzan C, Ventura MA, Clauser E
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Abstract Cell-surface expression and biological functions of several intracellular-retained G protein-coupled receptors are restored by membrane-permeable ligands called pharmacological chaperones. We have previously demonstrated that a mutation of the hydrophobic motif 341FNX2LLX3L350 in the C terminus of the human pituitary vasopressin V3 receptor (MUT V3R) led to it being retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Here, we establish the precise role of this motif and investigate whether SSR149415, a non-peptide V3R antagonist, behaves as a pharmacological chaperone for the ER-retained MUT V3R. The absence of the mutated receptor in the plasma membrane is linked to its prolonged association with the molecular chaperone calnexin in the ER and to its intensive degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasomal machinery. However, this is not because of a lack of oligomerization, as demonstrated by the presence of MUT V3R homodimers in the ER. Treatment with SSR149415 restores expression of the mutated receptor on the cell surface and its correct maturation, resulting into the functional recovery of its signaling properties. SSR149415 acts by stabilizing a native-like conformation of the V3R, reducing its association with calnexin and, thus, favoring a secretory pathway rather than the proteasomal degradation pathway. In conclusion, the FN(X)2LL(X)3L sequence is an important motif for the V3R conformation, and the misfolding resulting from its mutation alters the receptor export but can be reverted by SSR149415.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Translational Medicine