alexa Mechanisms of hyperalgesia and morphine tolerance: a current view of their possible interactions.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Mao J, Price DD, Mayer DJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Over the last several years, compelling evidence has accumulated indicating that central hyperactive states resulting from neuronal plastic changes within the spinal cord play a critical role in hyperalgesia associated with nerve injury and inflammation. Such neuronal plastic changes may involve activation of central nervous system excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptors, subsequent intracellular cascades including protein kinase C translocation and activation as well as nitric oxide production, leading to the functional modulation of receptor-ion channel complexes. Similar EAA receptor-mediated cellular and intracellular mechanisms have now been implicated in the development of tolerance to the analgesic effects of morphine, and a site of action involved in both hyperalgesia and morphine tolerance is likely to be in the superficial laminae of the spinal cord dorsal horn. These observations suggest that hyperalgesia and morphine tolerance, two seemingly unrelated phenomena, may be interrelated by common neural substrates that interact at the level of EAA receptor activation and related intracellular events. This view is supported by recent observations showing that thermal hyperalgesia develops when animals are made tolerant to morphine antinociception and that both hyperalgesia and reduction of the antinociceptive effects of morphine occur as a consequence of peripheral nerve injury. The demonstration of interrelationships between neural mechanisms underlying hyperalgesia and morphine tolerance may lead to a better understanding of the neurobiology of these two phenomena in particular and pain in general. This knowledge may also provide a scientific basis for improved pain management with opiate analgesics.
This article was published in Pain and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords