Author(s): Husted RF, Sigmund RD, Stokes JB
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Abstract The purpose of these experiments was to investigate the mechanisms whereby transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) antagonizes the action of adrenocorticoid hormones on Na(+) transport by the rat inner medullary collecting duct in primary culture. Steroid hormones 1) increased Na(+) transport by three- to fourfold, 2) increased the maximum capacity of the Na(+)-K(+) pump by 30-50\%, 3) increased the steady-state levels of the alpha(1)-subunit of the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase by approximately 30\%, and 4) increased the steady-state levels of the alpha-subunit of the rat epithelial Na(+) channel (alpha-rENaC) by nearly fourfold. TGF-beta blocked the effects of steroids on the increase in Na(+) transport and the stimulation of the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and pump capacity. However, there was no effect of TGF-beta on the steroid-induced increase in mRNA levels of alpha-rENaC. The effects of TGF-beta were not secondary to the decrease in Na(+) transport per se, inasmuch as benzamil inhibited the increase in Na(+) transport but did not block the increase in pump capacity or Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase mRNA. The results indicate that TGF-beta does not inactivate the steroid receptor or its translocation to the nucleus. Rather, they indicate complex pathways involving interruption of the enhancement of pump activity and activation/inactivation of pathways distal to the steroid-induced increase in the transcription of alpha-rENaC.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Renal Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy