alexa Mechanisms of intravenous immunoglobulin action in the treatment of autoimmune disorders.


Immunome Research

Author(s): Larroche C, Chanseaud Y, Garcia de la PenaLefebvre P, Mouthon L

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Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) are therapeutic preparations of normal human immunoglobulin (Ig) G obtained from pools of blood from more than 1000 healthy donors, and exert immunomodulatory effects in autoantibody-mediated and T-cell-mediated autoimmune disorders and systemic inflammatory diseases. IVIg mechanisms of action in autoimmune diseases have been extensively analysed during the last 15 years and include the following: (i) interaction of the IgG Fc fragment with Fc receptors on leucocytes and endothelial cells; (ii) interaction of infused IgG with complement proteins; (iii) monocyte and lymphocyte modulation of synthesis and release of cytokines and cytokine antagonists; (iv) modulation of cell proliferation and reparation; (v) neutralisation of circulating autoantibodies; (vi) selection of immune repertoires; and (vii) interaction with other cell-surface molecules on T and B lymphocytes.

This article was published in BioDrugs and referenced in Immunome Research

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