Author(s): Salmen S, Montes H, Soyano A, Hernndez D, Berrueta L
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Abstract Neutrophils from human immunodeficiency virus-positive (HIV+) patients have an increased susceptibility to undergo programmed cell death (PCD), which could explain neutropenia during advanced disease. In this work, key steps of PCD have been evaluated in neutrophils from HIV+ patients. The role of caspase-3, caspase-8, mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) was analysed. Spontaneous neutrophil death is dependent upon caspase-3 but independent of caspase-8, suggesting that the intrinsic pathway is involved as a pathogenic mechanism of PCD. Inhibition of ROS decreased spontaneous PCD and caspase-3 hydrolysis, connecting oxidative stress and caspase-3 activation with neutrophil PCD in HIV-infected patients. Additionally, an increased neutrophil death was observed in HIV+ patients, following inhibition of p38 MAPK, suggesting a role for p38 MAPK in cell survival during the disease. We conclude that oxidative stress secondary to HIV infection can accelerate neutrophil death.
This article was published in Clin Exp Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology