alexa Mechanistic investigation of the interaction between bisquaternary antimicrobial agents and phospholipids by liquid secondary ion mass spectrometry and differential scanning calorimetry.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

Author(s): Pashynskaya VA, Kosevich MV, Gmry A, Vashchenko OV, Lisetski LN

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Abstract Mechanisms of interaction between the antimicrobial drugs decamethoxinum and aethonium, which are based on bisquaternary ammonium compounds, and a phospholipid component of biological membranes, dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, were studied by means of liquid secondary ion mass spectrometry (LSIMS) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Supramolecular complexes of the drugs with this phospholipid were recorded under secondary ion mass spectrometric conditions. The dependence of the structures of these complexes on structural parameters of the dications of the bisquaternary ammonium compounds was demonstrated. Tandem mass spectrometric investigations of the metastable decay of doubly charged ions of decamethoxinum and aethonium complexes with dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine allowed estimation of structural parameters of these complexes in the gas phase. Interactions of decamethoxinum and aethonium with model membrane assemblies built from hydrated dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine were studied using DSC. It was shown that while both drugs can interact with model membranes, the mechanisms of such interactions for decamethoxinum and aethonium differ. The correlation between the nature of these interactions and structural and electronic parameters of the dications of the two bisquaternary agents is discussed. Interpretation of combined mass spectrometric and calorimetric experimental data led to proposals that the molecular mechanisms of antimicrobial action of bisquaternary ammonium compounds are related to their effect on the membrane phospholipid components of microbial cells. Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This article was published in Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom and referenced in Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

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