alexa Medical education and primary health care in Nigeria: the Sokoto University experience.
Healthcare

Healthcare

Primary Healthcare: Open Access

Author(s): Akpala CO

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Despite the acknowledgement and adoption of the Alma-Ata declaration by majority of the countries of the world as a strategy for achieving Health For All, medical educational systems often remain as ivory towers from the health service system. This traditional system of medical education does not adequately prepare doctors in developing countries for their expected leadership role in meeting the health needs for their communities through primary health care. In Nigeria, primary health care forms the basis for an official health policy aimed at meeting the health care needs of the entire population particularly those in the rural areas. This article, while highlighting the need for integration of medical education and the primary health care services, also examines the structural relationships between the two components at the Sokoto University in Nigeria, a West African country with one of the oldest medical educational system in the area. PIP: Sokoto University in northeastern Nigeria has integrated primary health care (PHC) with its medical curriculum. The faculty exposes students to community and primary health care throughout their 6-year training. Initially they follow the traditional preclinical courses (anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry) as well as courses in behavioral sciences, environmental health, and human ecology. They intermittently visit public health institutions, especially in relation to their environmental health course. Clinical training occurs at the teaching hospital and within the community using the PHC concept. The department of community medicine also involves each medical student in ward rounds and follow-up visits to people in Sokoto. Then each student must do a case report incorporating the physical, biological, and social effects on the patient's pathology. Students must also serve in a rural community for 8 weeks during the final years of medical training. Here they need to apply what they learned about community health and PHC. The intent of the Sokoto medical training program is to prepare PHC physicians. The community medicine department covers treatment of endemic diseases at a rural health center and referral of relevant cases to general and specialist hospitals, identification of community health problems and finding solutions, maternal and child health programs including family planning, and follow-up home visits for health education purposes. Medical faculty continually assess student knowledge and skills. In 1986-87, a community medicine faculty member evaluated student satisfaction with the community and PHC program and the rural posting experience. Even though students looked favorably on their experiences, they believed that these experiences occurred too early in the curriculum. They also objected to lack of basic social amenities at rural postings such as potable water.
This article was published in Cent Afr J Med and referenced in Primary Healthcare: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

so[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords