Author(s): Tiwary E, Gupta R
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Abstract A novel dimeric 58 kDa keratinase is reported from Bacillus licheniformis ER-15. The bacterium produced 244 U/ml keratinase in 48 h which was increased by eight fold (1962 U/ml) after medium optimization by one-variable-at-a-time and response surface methodology. Enzyme was concentrated by ultrafiltration followed by acetone precipitation and purified by gel filtration chromatography. It had subunit of 30 and 28 kDa and pI of 8.4. Enzyme was maximally active at pH 11 and 70 degrees C. It hydrolyzed various complex proteins viz. haemoglobin, feather, hooves, fibrin and meat protein. It was a thiol activated serine protease and 6.25-fold enhancement in activity was observed in presence of 5mM mercaptoethanol. Nearly 1200 U keratinase degraded 1.5 g feather in 12h at pH 8, 50 degrees C in redox free environment. This enzyme also dehaired buffalo hide within 16 h in presence of 3\% Ca (OH)(2). (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Bioresour Technol
and referenced in Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques