Author(s): Claerhout F, De Ridder D, Roovers JP, Rommens H, Spelzini F
BACKGROUND: Limited prospective data on the anatomic and functional outcome after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) are available in the literature.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the medium-term anatomic and functional outcome of LSC.
DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective consecutive series of 132 women with vaginal vault prolapse undergoing LSC between 2001 and 2006, which was after our learning curve. Patients with urodynamically proven stress incontinence (SI) underwent a concomitant tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure.
INTERVENTION: Patients underwent LSC with a polypropylene implant.
MEASUREMENTS: Principal outcome measures were anatomic cure (stage 1 or lower) assessed by the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POPQ) system and subjective cure and impact on quality of life measured by a standardised interview and, since its introduction in 2004, by a prolapse-specific quality-of-life questionnaire (P-QOL).
RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: At a mean follow-up of 12.5 mo, the anatomic cure rate for the apex was 98%. Anatomic failures elsewhere were mainly at the posterior compartment (18%). Subjective prolapse cure rate was 91.7%, and no patients required reoperation for recurrent prolapse. Symptoms of preoperative SI, urge incontinence, or constipation were cured in 43%, 46%, and 42% of patients, respectively. The rate of de novo SI was 7.3%. De novo constipation developed in 5% and de novo dyspareunia developed in 19%. Patients' quality of life improved significantly. Erosions occurred in 4.5%, all within 1 yr. A limitation of the study is that the quality-of-life assessment score became available halfway through the study, limiting the number of preoperative observations (n=36).
CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that LSC results in good anatomic outcome and subjective cure of prolapse symptoms at medium term. The posterior compartment was most vulnerable for recurrence.Medical & Surgical Urology