Author(s): Chohan KR, Hunter AG
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Abstract The in vitro ability between fetal and cow oocytes to resume meiosis and progression to metaphase-II (M-II) was compared. Cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) were harvested from 2 to 6 mm follicles from ovaries of 7.5 month to term fetuses and adult cows. Cumulus cells were removed using 3 mg/ml hyaluronidase and repeated pipetting. Denuded oocytes were fixed in 3\% glutaraldehyde, stained with DAPI and evaluated under fluorescent microscopy for nuclear status before in vitro maturation (IVM). COCs from fetal and adult ovaries were also matured in 200 microl droplets of medium 199 supplemented with 10 microg/ml FSH, 10/ml LH, 1.5 microg/ml estradiol, 75 microg/ml streptomycin, 100 IU/ml penicillin, 10 mM hepes and 10\% FBS for 24 h at 39 degrees C and 5\% CO(2). Matured oocytes were fixed, stained and evaluated as explained above for nuclear status namely stage of germinal vesicle (GV) development and subsequent meiotic competence. Data were analyzed using chi-square analysis. The majority of fetal oocytes (P<0.05) before IVM were at GV stages GV-I (27.7\%), GV-II (37.6\%) and GV-V (22.8\%) compared to cow oocytes, which were at GV stages IV (28.3\%) and V (46.7\%). After IVM, fewer fetal oocytes were at earlier stages of GV development and majority (P<0.05) were at GV-V (24.0\%), premetaphase (17.4\%) and metaphase-I (M-I: 7.2\%) stages. However, after IVM, more cow oocytes matured to M-II than did fetal oocytes (93.7\% versus 26.9\%; P<0.05). In conclusion, fetal oocytes do not mature in vitro as well as cow oocytes. Our findings suggest that the low meiotic competence of fetal oocytes can be attributed to their being at earlier stages of GV development before IVM.
This article was published in Anim Reprod Sci
and referenced in Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology