Author(s): Wang WZ, Fang XH, Stephenson LL, Zhang X, Khiabani KT,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Our recent studies have shown that ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) produces significant necrosis and apoptosis in the cells of skeletal muscle. Our previous studies also demonstrated that melatonin provides significant protection against superoxide generation, endothelial dysfunction, and cell death in the skeletal muscle after I/R. Mitochondria are essential for cell survival, because of their roles as ATP producers as well as regulators of cell death. However, the efficacy of melatonin on I/R-induced mitochondrial dysfunction in the skeletal muscle in vivo has not been demonstrated in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Vascular pedicle isolated rat gracilis muscle model was used. After 4 h of ischemia followed by 24 h of reperfusion, gracilis muscle was harvested, and mitochondrial as well as cytosolic fractions were isolated. Mitochondrial dysfunction was determined by the alteration of mitochondrial membrane potential and the release of the proapoptotic protein, cytochrome c. Three groups were designed; sham I/R, I/R-V (I/R with vehicle), and I/R-Mel (I/R with melatonin). Melatonin or vehicle was given intravenously 10 min prior to reperfusion and 10 min after reperfusion. RESULTS: We found that the capability of uptake of fluorescent JC-1 dye in skeletal muscle cells was substantially improved in I/R-Mel group compared with I/R-V group. Melatonin significantly inhibited the outflow of cytochrome c from mitochondria to cytoplasm, which was demonstrated in the I/R-V group. CONCLUSIONS: Melatonin significantly attenuates I/R-induced mitochondrial dysfunction, such as the depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential and the release of the proapoptotic protein, cytochrome c, from the mitochondria. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Surg Res
and referenced in Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics