alexa Melatonin maintains glutathione homeostasis in kainic acid-exposed rat brain tissues.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Floreani M, Skaper SD, Facci L, Lipartiti M, Giusti P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Reduced glutathione (GSH) is a key component of the cellular defense cascade against injury caused by reactive oxygen species. Because kainic acid (KA) neurotoxicity is probably mediated at least in part by oxidative stress, we examined the influence of KA treatment on GSH content and GSH-related enzyme activities in adult rats. A single injection of KA (10 mg/kg i.p.) time-dependently decreased forebrain GSH (maximal reduction at 48 h). KA also markedly lowered GSH levels in amygdala and hippocampus, but not in the corpus striatum, which is resistant to KA injury. The pineal secretory product melatonin has been shown to exert neuroprotective effects against KA-induced excitotoxicity in rats. Melatonin (2.5 mg/kg i.p., administered four times) partially prevented all decreases in GSH of KA-treated rats. These neuroprotective effects of melatonin may result from a sparing of glutathione reductase, which decreased in KA-treated but not in KA/melatonin-treated animals. Moreover, KA caused a rapid decrease in the GSH content of cultured cerebellar granule neurons but not astrocytes. These cell types both express functional KA receptors, but only the former are sensitive to reactive oxygen species-dependent KA injury. Melatonin counteracted the changes in GSH induced by KA in cultured cerebellar granule neurons. Our results suggest that melatonin prevents the neurotoxic effects of reactive oxygen species linked to KA receptor activation by maintaining cellular GSH homeostasis.
This article was published in FASEB J and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords