Author(s): Karbownik M, Lewiski A, Karbownik M, Lewiski A
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Abstract Free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) participate in physiological and pathological processes in the thyroid gland. Bivalent iron cation (ferrous, Fe(2+)), which initiates the Fenton reaction (Fe(2+) + H2O2 --> Fe(3+) + *OH + OH(-)) is frequently used to experimentally induce oxidative damage, including that caused by lipid peroxidation. Lipid peroxidation is involved in DNA damage, thus indirectly participating in the early steps of carcinogenesis. In turn, melatonin is a well-known antioxidant and free radical scavenger. The aim of the study was to estimate the effect of melatonin on basal and iron-induced lipid peroxidation in homogenates of the porcine thyroid gland. In order to determine the effect of melatonin on the auto-oxidation of lipids, thyroid homogenates were incubated in the presence of that indoleamine in concentrations of 0.0, 0.00001, 0.0001, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, or 5.0 mM. To study melatonin effects on iron-induced lipid peroxidation, the homogenates were incubated in the presence of FeSO(4) (40 microM) plus H2O2 (0.5 mM), and, additionally, in the presence of melatonin in the same concentrations as above. The degree of lipid peroxidation was expressed as the concentration of malondialdehyde + 4-hydroxyalkenals (MDA + 4-HDA) per mg protein. Melatonin, in a concentration-dependent manner, decreased lipid peroxidation induced by Fenton reaction, without affecting the basal MDA + 4-HDA levels. In conclusion, melatonin protects against iron + H2O2-induced peroxidation of lipids in the porcine thyroid. Thus, the indoleamine would be expected to prevent pathological processes related to oxidative damage in the thyroid, cancer initiation included. Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
This article was published in J Cell Biochem
and referenced in Immunome Research