alexa Melatonin secretion occurs at a constant rate in both young and older men and women.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Fourtillan JB, Brisson AM, Fourtillan M, Ingrand I, Decourt JP,

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Abstract The magnitude and duration of melatonin (MLT) secretion were measured over a period of 25 h with pharmacokinetic studies employing administration of D(7) MLT at midday and at midnight in two separate studies and two groups of subjects, 12 young and 11 older men and women. Plasma levels of endogenous MLT and D(7) MLT were quantified separately by use of a specific and sensitive method (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry) previously developed in our laboratory, enabling us to measure endogenous and exogenous MLT levels down to 0.5 pg/ml in plasma. In the two groups of subjects, MLT secretion occurred only at night: onset time of secretion was from 1915 to 2205 (Greenwich mean time), and offset was from 0305 to 0545. No MLT peak was observed in individual nocturnal MLT profiles that were similar to curves obtained for a rate-constant infusion. Modelization demonstrated the superimposition of observed data and simulated curves. MLT concentrations decreasing from the offset of secretion might correspond to the elimination of MLT present in the body at the end of nocturnal secretion. By use of the MLT clearance given by pharmacokinetics, the amount of secreted MLT was found to be 35.7 and 21.6 microg for men and women, respectively, and the rate of secretion was 4.6 and 2.8 microg/h, respectively. No significant gender difference was observed for these two parameters when normalized to body weight. No significant gender difference was observed for onset times of secretion or duration of secretion (7.6-8.6 h) within the two groups, or between young and older subjects.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

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