alexa Melatonin treatment attenuates symptoms of acute nicotine withdrawal in humans.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Zhdanova IV, Piotrovskaya VR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Nicotine withdrawal is typically associated with negative changes in mood and performance, which often lead to relapse. We tested whether an oral 0.3-mg dose of melatonin administered 3.5 h after the nicotine withdrawal, and increasing circulating melatonin concentrations within the physiological range, affects the symptoms of acute 10-h (0800-1800 h) nicotine withdrawal in regular smokers. Self-reported ratings of mood, sleepiness, and cigarette craving were assessed hourly, using 17 visual analog scales (VAS). Computerized Four-Choice Reaction Time (FCRT) and Simple Auditory Reaction Time (SART) tests were used to assess performance every 2 h. Saliva samples were collected hourly, and salivary melatonin levels were measured using supersensitive radioimmunoassay. Compared with the placebo, melatonin treatment significantly reduced self-ratings of "anxious," "restless," "tense," "irritable," "angry," "depressed, " "impatient," and "craving for cigarettes." Melatonin treatment did not significantly change the responses on the performance tests used. These data suggest that melatonin can help to counteract the acute effects of smoking cessation on mood.
This article was published in Pharmacol Biochem Behav and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version