alexa Membrane features and activity of GPI-anchored enzymes: alkaline phosphatase reconstituted in model membranes.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques

Author(s): Sesana S, Re F, Bulbarelli A, Salerno D, Cazzaniga E, , Sesana S, Re F, Bulbarelli A, Salerno D, Cazzaniga E,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The influence of membrane lipid environment on the activity of GPI-anchored enzymes was investigated with human placental alkaline phosphatase reconstituted by a detergent-dialysis technique in liposomes composed of palmitoyloleoylphosphatidylcholine, alone or in mixture with lipids enriched along with the protein within lipid rafts: cholesterol, sphingomyelin, and GM1 ganglioside. The highest V max was recorded for a phosphatidylcholine/10\% GM1 mixture (143 +/- 5 nmol of substrate hydrolyzed per minute per microgram of protein), while the lowest for a phosphatidylcholine/30\% cholesterol mixture and for raft-mimicking 1:1:1 phosphatidylcholine/sphingolipid/cholesterol liposomes (M:M:M) (57 +/- 3 and 52 +/- 3, respectively). No significant differences in K m were detected. The protein segregation, assessed using the chemical cross-linker bis(sulfosuccinimidyl)suberate, increased with the protein:lipid ratio, within the 1:1200-1:4800 protein:lipid molar ratio range, but did not affect enzyme activity. The activity decreased when the order of the lipid bilayers was increased, higher for those containing cholesterol, as judged by steady-state fluorescence polarization of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene. Finally, the GPI-enzyme activity was affected by membrane curvature. This result was suggested by a strong inverse correlation (Pearson's correlation coefficient = 0.91; p < 0.0001) between activity and liposome diameter, measured by laser light scattering and ranging between 59 +/- 6 nm for a phosphatidylcholine/10\% GM1 mixture (displaying the highest activity) and 188 +/- 25 nm for a phosphatidylcholine/30\% cholesterol mixture and 185 +/- 23 nm for raft-mimicking liposomes (displaying the lowest activities). The activity-membrane curvature relationship was further confirmed by comparing the activity of proteoliposomes having different sizes but identical lipid compositions. These data open the possibility that the activity of GPI-anchored enzymes may be modulated by membrane microenvironment features, in particular by membrane curvature and cholesterol-enriched ordered microenvironments, such as those of lipid rafts. This article was published in Biochemistry and referenced in Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 2nd World Biotechnology Congress
    December 04-06, 2017 Sao Paulo, Brazil

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]icsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords