alexa Membrane localization and pH-dependent transport of a newly cloned organic cation transporter (PMAT) in kidney cells.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Author(s): Xia L, Engel K, Zhou M, Wang J

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Plasma membrane monoamine transporter (PMAT) is a novel membrane transporter recently cloned and characterized in our laboratory. We previously demonstrated that PMAT functions as a polyspecific organic cation transporter and efficiently transports many organic cations such as monoamine neurotransmitters and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)). In this study, we explored the role of PMAT in the renal handling of organic cations. Using a polyclonal antibody generated toward the NH(2)-terminal 66 amino acid residues of human PMAT, we showed that the PMAT protein (approximately 55 kDa) is expressed in the human kidney and is primarily targeted to the apical membranes when expressed in polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. Using MDCK cells stably expressing human PMAT, we showed that PMAT-mediated MPP(+) uptake is strongly dependent on extracellular pH. Lowering extracellular pH from 7.4 to 6.6 greatly stimulated PMAT-mediated MPP(+) uptake, whereas elevating extracellular pH to 8.2 abolished transporter activity. Kinetic analysis revealed that the apparent V(max) at pH 6.6 is about fourfold higher than that at pH 7.4, whereas the apparent K(m) values were not statistically different at these two conditions. Under acidic conditions (pH 6.6), the proton ionophore, carbonyl cyanide p-trifluormethoxyphenylhydrazone, drastically reduced PMAT-mediated MPP(+) uptake, suggesting that the stimulatory effect of proton may be due to transporter coupling with a proton gradient. Taken together, our data suggest that PMAT is expressed on the apical membranes of renal epithelial cells and may use luminal proton gradient to drive organic cation reabsorption in the kidney.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Renal Physiol and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Food Processing & Technology
    October 02-04, 2017 London, UK
  • Public Health, Epidemiology & Nutrition
    November 13-14, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • Food Processing & Technology
    December 05-07, 2016 San Antonio, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords