Author(s): Xia M, Zhang C, Boini KM, Thacker AM, Li PL
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Abstract AIMS: The adipokine visfatin, produced during obesity, has been reported to participate in the development of cardiovascular disease associated with metabolic syndrome. The present study was designed to test a hypothesis that visfatin causes coronary endothelial dysfunction through lysosome trafficking and fusion to cell membranes, membrane raft (MR) clustering, and formation of redox signalosomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: By using confocal microscopy, it was found that visfatin, but not adiponectin, stimulated NADPH oxidase (NOX) subunits, gp91(phox) aggregation in MR clusters and p47(phox) translocation to these MR clusters in bovine coronary arterial endothelial cells (CAECs), leading to activation of NOX with a 2.5-fold increase in O(2)(·-) production. A signalling lipid, ceramide, was found to be enriched in such membrane MR-NOX complexes of CAECs. Lysosomal fluorescent dye (FM1-43) quenching and de-quenching revealed that visfatin induced the fusion of lysosomes to cell membranes and incorporation of acid sphingomyelinase and its product, ceramide, in such MR-NOX signalling platforms. Functionally, visfatin significantly attenuated endothelium-dependent vasodilation in small coronary arteries (by 80\%), which was blocked by lysosomal function inhibitor and MR disruptors. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that lysosome-associated molecular trafficking and consequent ceramide accumulation in cell membrane may mediate the assembly of NOX subunits and their activation in response to adipokine visfatin in CAECs, thereby producing endothelial dysfunction in coronary circulation.
This article was published in Cardiovasc Res
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology