alexa Mentha longifolia in vitro cultures as safe source of flavouring ingredients.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

Author(s): Bertoli A, Leonardi M, Krzyzanowska J, Oleszek W, Pistelli L

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Abstract In vitro plantlets and callus of M. longifolia were established and their volatile constituents characterized by GC-MS analysis of their headspaces (HSs) and essential oils (EOs). Significant quali-quantitative differences were found in the aromatic fingerprints in comparison with the M. longifolia parent plants. In fact, limonene and carvone were the main constituents in the EOs of the mother plants, while the aroma of the in vitro plant material were especially enriched in oxygenated terpenes. In particular, huge amounts of piperitenone and piperitenone oxide (75 \%) were found for in vitro plantlets, while trans-carvone oxide (19 \%) and trans-piperitone epoxide (9 \%) were found in callus EO. However, the established in vitro plant material showed lack of pulegone and menthofurane, thus preserving an important feature observed in the volatile fingerprint of the parent plants. In fact, because of their well-known toxicity significant amounts of pulegone and menthofurane may compromise the safety using of mint essential oil. Therefore the in vitro M. longifolia plantlets and callus may be regarded as a potential source of a safe flavouring agent.
This article was published in Acta Biochim Pol and referenced in Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

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