alexa Mesenchymal stem cells effectively deliver an oncolytic adenovirus to intracranial glioma.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Sonabend AM, Ulasov IV, Tyler MA, Rivera AA, Mathis JM,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Gene therapy represents a promising treatment alternative for patients with malignant gliomas. Nevertheless, in the setting of these highly infiltrative tumors, transgene delivery remains a challenge. Indeed, viral vehicles tested in clinical trials often target only those tumor cells that are adjacent to the injection site. In this study, we examined the feasibility of using human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) to deliver a replication-competent oncolytic adenovirus (CRAd) in a model of intracranial malignant glioma. To do so, CRAds with a chimeric 5/3 fiber or RGD backbone with or without CXCR4 promoter driving E1A were examined with respect to replication and toxicity in hMSC, human astrocytes, and the human glioma cell line U87MG by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and membrane integrity assay. CRAd delivery by virus-loaded hMSC was then evaluated in vitro and in an in vivo model of mice bearing intracranial U87MG xenografts. Our results show that hMSC are effectively infected by CRAds that use the CXCR4 promoter. CRAd-CXCR4-RGD had the highest replication, followed by CRAd-CXCR4-5/3, in hMSC, with comparable levels of toxicity. In U87MG tumor cells, CRAd-CXCR4-5/3 showed the highest replication and toxicity. Virus-loaded hMSC effectively migrated in vitro and released CRAds that infected U87MG glioma cells. When injected away from the tumor site in vivo, hMSC migrated to the tumor and delivered 46-fold more viral copies than injection of CRAd-CXCR4-5/3 alone. Taken together, these results indicate that hMSC migrate and deliver CRAd to distant glioma cells. This delivery strategy should be explored further, as it could improve the outcome of oncolytic virotherapy for glioma. This article was published in Stem Cells and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords