alexa Mesenchymal stromal cells inhibit Th17 but not regulatory T-cell differentiation
Pulmonology

Pulmonology

Journal of Clinical Respiratory Diseases and Care

Author(s): Tatara R, Ozaki K, Kikuchi Y, Hatanaka K

Abstract Share this page

Background aims. A previous study has demonstrated that mouse mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) produce nitric oxide (NO), which suppresses signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 5 phosphorylation and T-cell proliferation under neutral and T helper 1 cells (Th1) conditions. We aimed to determine the effects of MSC on T helper 17 cells (Th17) and regulatory T-cell (T-reg) differentiation. Methods. CD4 T cells obtained from mouse spleen were cultured in conditions for Th17 or Treg differentiation with or without mouse MSC. Th17 and Treg differentiation was assessed by flow cytometry using antibodies against interleukin (IL)-17 and forkhead box P3 (Foxp3), a master regulator of Treg cells. Results. MSC inhibited Th17 but not Treg differentiation. Under Th17 conditions, MSC did not produce NO, and inhibitors of indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) both restored MSC suppression of differentiation, suggesting that MSC suppress Th17 differentiation at least in part through PGE2 and IDO. Conclusions. Our results suggest that MSC regulate CD4 differentiation through different mechanisms depending on the culture conditions.

This article was published in Cytotherapy and referenced in Journal of Clinical Respiratory Diseases and Care

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords