alexa Meta-analysis of chemotherapy in head and neck cancer (MACH-NC): an update on 93 randomised trials and 17,346 patients.


Journal of Integrative Oncology

Author(s): Pignon JP, le Matre A, Maillard E, Bourhis J MACHNC Coll

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Our previous individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis showed that chemotherapy improved survival in patients curatively treated for non-metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), with a higher benefit with concomitant chemotherapy. However the heterogeneity of the results limited the conclusions and prompted us to confirm the results on a more complete database by adding the randomised trials conducted between 1994 and 2000. METHODS: The updated IPD meta-analysis included trials comparing loco-regional treatment to loco-regional treatment+chemotherapy in HNSCC patients and conducted between 1965 and 2000. The log-rank-test, stratified by trial, was used to compare treatments. The hazard ratios of death were calculated. RESULTS: Twenty-four new trials, most of them of concomitant chemotherapy, were included with a total of 87 trials and 16,485 patients. The hazard ratio of death was 0.88 (p<0.0001) with an absolute benefit for chemotherapy of 4.5\% at 5 years, and a significant interaction (p<0.0001) between chemotherapy timing (adjuvant, induction or concomitant) and treatment. Both direct (6 trials) and indirect comparisons showed a more pronounced benefit of the concomitant chemotherapy as compared to induction chemotherapy. For the 50 concomitant trials, the hazard ratio was 0.81 (p<0.0001) and the absolute benefit 6.5\% at 5 years. There was a decreasing effect of chemotherapy with age (p=0.003, test for trend). CONCLUSION: The benefit of concomitant chemotherapy was confirmed and was greater than the benefit of induction chemotherapy. This article was published in Radiother Oncol and referenced in Journal of Integrative Oncology

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