alexa Metabolic oxidative stress induced by a combination of 2-DG and 6-AN enhances radiation damage selectively in malignant cells via non-coordinated expression of antioxidant enzymes.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Sharma PK, Bhardwaj R, Dwarakanath BS, Varshney R

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Abstract Our earlier studies have shown that simultaneous inhibition of glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway using 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2-DG, an inhibitor of glycolysis) and 6-aminonicotinamide (6-AN, an inhibitor of pentose phosphate pathway) lead to metabolic oxidative stress (MOS), resulting in radiosensitization in malignant cells. Present study was carried out to investigate the effects of 2-DG and 6-AN on intricately regulated endogenous antioxidant defense against MOS during radiosensitization by this combination. Two human tumor cell lines {Head and Neck Squamous carcinoma (KB) and Glioma (BMG-1)} and one non-malignantly transformed cell line (human embryonic kidney, HEK) were used in this study. The presence of 2-DG and 6-AN (added just before irradiation) for 4h, significantly decreased the clonogenicity and metabolic viability of KB and BMG-1 cell lines, while no significant change was seen in HEK cells. Accumulation of ROS was observed only in malignant cell lines, which displayed a compromised redox status evident from enhanced NADP(+)/NADPH and GSSG/GSH ratios and a concomitant decrease in glutathione reductase level and activity at 24h following treatment. The levels and activities of Cu, Zn-SOD and Mn-SOD increased with MOS and were accompanied by a decreased GPx and unaltered catalase activity and level. These results suggest that non-coordinated expression of antioxidant defense, besides compromised redox status, led to selective radiosensitization in the malignant cells. 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Cancer Lett and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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