Author(s): Shibuya I
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Abstract Extensive genetic and biochemical studies in the last two decades have elucidated almost completely the framework of synthesis and turnover of quantitatively major phospholipids in E. coli. The knowledge thus accumulated has allowed to formulate a novel working model that assumes sophisticated regulatory mechanisms in E. coli to achieve the optimal phospholipid composition and content in the membranes. E. coli also appears to possess the ability to adapt phospholipid synthesis to various cellular conditions. Understanding of the functional aspects of E. coli phospholipids is now advancing significantly and it will soon be able to explain many of the hitherto unclear cell's activities on the molecular basis. Phosphatidylglycerol is believed to play the central role both in metabolism and functions of phospholipids in E. coli. The results obtained with E. coli should undoubtedly be helpful in the study of more complicated phospholipid metabolism and functions in higher organisms.
This article was published in Prog Lipid Res
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry