alexa Metabolism of citalopram enantiomers in CYP2C19 CYP2D6 phenotyped panels of healthy Swedes.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics

Author(s): Herrlin K, YasuiFurukori N, Tybring G, Widn J, Gustafsson LL,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIMS: To investigate pharmacokinetics of the enantiomers of citalopram (CT) and its metabolites desmethylcitalopram (DCT) and didesmethylcitalopram (DDCT) in Swedish healthy volunteers in relation to CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 geno- and phenotypes. METHODS: Racemic CT was given for seven days to panels with different genotypes and the following mephenytoin (Me) and debrisoquine (De) hydroxylation phenotypes: EMDe/EMMe, PMDe/EMMe, EMDe/PMMe (n = 6 in all groups), and one PMDe/PMMe subject. Blood sampling was carried out during day 7, and all urine was collected for 12 h after the last dose of CT. RESULTS: The AUC of S-CT was significantly higher in the EMDe/PMMe panel compared to the EMDe/EMMe and PMDe/EMMe panels (P < 0.05), whereas the AUC of R-CT did not differ between the panels. Similar differences, although they did not reach statistical significance, were noted for S-DCT and R-DCT. The enantiomers of DDCT were not quantifiable in PMDe, and there was no difference in DDCT enantiomer concentrations between the other two panels. A PMDe/PMMe subject stopped taking CT after five days due to severe adverse effects. Based on two time points, this subject had a very long CT half-life of 95 h. The value of 1.0 for the S/R ratio of the CT trough in this subject was similar to the mean S/R CT trough ratio of the EMDe/PMMe panel, but higher than the S/R CT ratio of the EMDe/EMMe panel (0.56; 95\% CI 0.49-0.63) and the PMDe/EMMe panel (0.44; 95\% CI 0.31-0.57). Thus the latter two phenotypes eliminated S-CT more rapidly via CYP2C19. An adverse effect described as an 'alcohol hangover' feeling was reported by one subject from each of the three panels. These individuals had the highest concentrations of both CT enantiomers. CONCLUSIONS: The AUC of S-, but not R-(CT) was found to be significantly higher in PM of mephenytoin compared to EMs, PMs may need a lower dosage of CT.
This article was published in Br J Clin Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords