Author(s): Terpetschnig E, Szmacinski H, Malak H, Lakowicz JR
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Abstract We describe the use of asymmetric Ru-ligand complexes as a new class of luminescent probes that can be used to measure rotational motions of proteins. These complexes are known to display luminescent lifetimes ranging from 10 to 4000 ns. In this report, we show that the asymmetric complex Ru(bpy)2(dcbpy) (PF6)2 displays a high anisotropy value when excited in the long wavelength absorption band. For covalent linkage to proteins, we synthesized the N-hydroxy succinimide ester of this metal-ligand complex. To illustrate the usefulness of these probes, we describe the intensity and anisotropy decays of [Ru(bpy)2(dcbpy)] when covalently linked to human serum albumin, concanavalin A (ConA), human immunoglobulin G (IgG), and Ferritin, and measured in solutions of increased viscosity. These data demonstrate that the probes can be used to measure rotational motions on the 10 ns to 1.5 microseconds timescale, which so far has been inaccessible using luminescence methods. The present probe [Ru(bpy)2(dcbpy)] can be regarded as the first of a class of metal-ligand complexes, each with different chemical reactivity and spectral properties, for studies of macromolecular dynamics.
This article was published in Biophys J
and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry