alexa Metastatic cervical cancer and pelvic inflammatory disease in an AIDS patient.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): Singh GS, Aikins JK, Deger R, King S, Mikuta JJ

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Abstract The Center for Disease Control (CDC) recently added invasive cervical cancer to its list of surveillance case-defining diseases, and also included cervical dysplasia, carcinoma in situ, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in the classification system. There are several reported cases of cervical cancer in AIDS patients that behaved in an unusually aggressive fashion and responded poorly to therapy. In light of the above-reported cases, it may be expected that cervical cancer may manifest itself in unusual ways in HIV-positive women. A case of aggressive cervical cancer in an AIDS patient with PID is reported. She was admitted with PID and newly diagnosed cervical cancer with recurrent fever spikes despite adequate antibiotic coverage. An aspiration of a presumed psoas abscess revealed metastatic squamous cell carcinoma. These data suggest that not only are HIV-infected women at risk for aggressive and unusual presentations of cervical cancer, but also that coexistent pelvic infection may contribute to development and spread of the disease. Immunosuppression from the virus may increase the incidence and severity of neoplasia. Data suggest that cervical cancer in HIV-infected women is often of advanced stage and responds poorly to treatment. Unique treatment approaches may need to be developed as conventional strategies do not seem to be adequate. More research is required to determine what these strategies should be. Lastly, universal HIV screening of women with either PID or cervical cancer seems prudent. This article was published in Gynecol Oncol and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

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