alexa Metformin downregulates Th17 cells differentiation and attenuates murine autoimmune arthritis.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Kang KY, Kim YK, Yi H, Kim J, Jung HR,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract INTRODUCTION: This study was undertaken to determine whether metformin has anti-inflammatory effects in the collagen antibody-induced arthritis (CAIA) murine model. The effect of metformin on Th17 cell differentiation was also investigated. METHODS: CAIA mice were treated with 100 and 150 mg/kg i.p. metformin (low- and high-dose groups, respectively). Arthritis activity and histological joint destruction were studied. Flow cytometry was used to (i) determine RORγt-expressing CD4+ percentages in draining axillary lymph nodes (ALNs) from metformin-treated and untreated mice with CAIA, (ii) determine Th17 percentages in splenic CD4+ T cells cultured ex vivo for 3 days in Th17-differentiation-inducing conditions, and (iii) determine the percentages of RORγt+CD4+ T cells when normal splenic T cells from DBA/1 mice were cultured in Th17-differentiation-inducing conditions together with various metformin doses. Western blot analysis was used to assess the intracellular signaling of the metformin-treated splenocytes. RESULTS: Metformin attenuated both arthritis scores and bone destruction in CAIA mice, decreased the serum levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α and IL-1, and reduced the number of RORγt+CD4+ T cells in the ALNs. Splenocytes from metformin-treated CAIA mice differentiated less readily into Th17 cells upon ex vivo stimulation. Metformin treatment of normal cells cultured in Th17-differentiation-inducing conditions decreased the number of RORγt-expressing CD4+ cells in a dose-dependent manner and downregulated STAT3 phosphorylation via the AMPK pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Metformin had an anti-inflammatory effect on murine autoimmune arthritis due to the inhibition of Th17 cell differentiation. Metformin may have a possible therapeutic value for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Int Immunopharmacol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords