alexa Methamphetamine as a risk factor for acute aortic dissection.


Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery

Author(s): Swalwell CI, Davis GG

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Acute aortic dissections are catastrophic vascular events that have a high rate of mortality. Aortic dissections have been associated with a variety of factors, particularly hypertension. We reviewed 84 medical examiner autopsies on individuals dying from acute aortic dissections with particular emphasis on the role of drugs. Previous case reports have associated aortic dissections with both cocaine and methamphetamine intoxication. We found that seven of the 35 cases tested for drugs of abuse were positive for methamphetamine. Our study had no cases of solely cocaine-related dissection, although one of the cases was positive for both methamphetamine and the cocaine metabolite benzoylecgonine. No significant association was found with any other drugs. As with other studies, we found the most common risk factor to be hypertension. Surprisingly, methamphetamine use was the second most common risk factor. The association between methamphetamine use and aortic dissection is most likely due to its hypertensive effect. Although methamphetamine appears to pose a greater risk than cocaine, both drugs should be considered as possible factors in all aortic dissections.
This article was published in J Forensic Sci and referenced in Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 19th Annual Cardiology Conference (10 Plenary Forums - 1 Event)
    August 31-September 01, 2017 Philadelphia, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version