Author(s): Roux FE, Ibarrola D, Tremoulet M, Lazorthes Y, Henry P,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to analyze the technical and methodological issues resulting from the use of functional magnetic resonance image (fMRI) data in a frameless stereotactic device for brain tumor or pain surgery (chronic motor cortex stimulation). METHODS: A total of 32 candidates, 26 for brain tumor surgery and six chronic motor cortex stimulation, were studied by fMRI scanning (61 procedures) and intraoperative cortical brain mapping under general anesthesia. The fMRI data obtained were analyzed with the Statistical Parametric Mapping 99 software, with an initial analysis threshold corresponding to P < 0.001. Subsequently, the fMRI data were registered in a frameless stereotactic neuronavigational device and correlated to brain mapping. RESULTS: Correspondence between fMRI-activated areas and cortical mapping in primary motor areas was good in 28 patients (87\%), although fMRI-activated areas were highly dependent on the choice of paradigms and analysis thresholds. Primary sensory- and secondary motor-activated areas were not correlated to cortical brain mapping. Functional mislocalization as a result of insufficient correction of the echo-planar distortion was identified in four patients (13\%). Analysis thresholds (from P < 0.0001 to P < 10(-12)) more restrictive than the initial threshold (P < 0.001) had to be used in 25 of the 28 patients studied, so that fMRI motor data could be matched to cortical mapping spatial data. These analysis thresholds were not predictable preoperatively. Maximal tumor resection was accomplished in all patients with brain tumors. Chronic motor cortex electrode placement was successful in each patient (significant pain relief >50\% on the visual analog pain scale). CONCLUSION: In brain tumor surgery, fMRI data are helpful in surgical planning and guiding intraoperative brain mapping. The registration of fMRI data in anatomic slices or in the frameless stereotactic neuronavigational device, however, remained a potential source of functional mislocalization. Electrode placement for chronic motor cortex stimulation is a good indication to use fMRI data registered in a neuronavigational system and could replace somatosensory evoked potentials in detection of the central sulcus.
This article was published in Neurosurgery
and referenced in Journal of Brain Tumors & Neurooncology