Author(s): Takeo T, Hoshii T, Kondo Y, Toyodome H, Arima H,
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Abstract Sperm cryopreservation provides an economical means of storing genetically engineered mouse strains in resource facilities. In general, relatively high fertilization rates are obtained for frozen/thawed sperm of the CBA/JN, DBA/2N, and C3H inbred strains and some F1 hybrid strains. However, the fertilization rate for frozen/thawed sperm of C57BL/6, which is the main strain of genetically engineered mice, remains very low. Therefore, it is necessary to establish an in vitro fertilization (IVF) method for cryopreserved C57BL/6 sperm that can obtain a high rate of fertilization after thawing. In the present study, we focused on the effects of methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MBCD) on the fertilizing ability of frozen/thawed C57BL/6 sperm. Our results have shown that the highest fertilization rate for frozen/thawed sperm was obtained with MBCD at 1.0 mM for 30 min (63.7\% +/- 11.0\%), but the effects were attenuated by long-term incubation for 120 min at 1.0 or 2.0 mM. The embryos with frozen/thawed sperm showed good developmental potential, and the offspring had normal fertility. The efflux of cholesterol from frozen/thawed sperm was increased by MBCD in a dose-dependent manner and occurred much earlier and to a greater extent than bovine serum albumin. The localization of cholesterol labeled by filipin in the sperm plasma membrane was drastically decreased by MBCD. In summary, we suggest that MBCD is useful for developing an IVF method for frozen/thawed C57BL/6 mouse sperm achieving a high fertilization rate, being involved in the capacity to sequester cholesterol from sperm membrane.
This article was published in Biol Reprod
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology