alexa MF59™ as a vaccine adjuvant: a review of safety and immunogenicity.


Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research

Author(s): El Sahly H

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Abstract Approximately 70 years passed between the licensing of alum salts as vaccine adjuvants and that of MF59™ MF59, an oil-in-water emulsion, is currently licensed for use in the elderly as an adjuvant in seasonal influenza vaccines. Its mechanism of action is not fully understood, but enhancement of the interaction between the antigen and the dendritic cell seems to be involved. When used with seasonal influenza vaccines, an increase occurs in the hemagglutination inhibition antibody titers against some, but not all, seasonal vaccine influenza strains. The adjuvant effect is more pronounced when MF59 is combined with novel influenza antigens such as H9 and H5. The use of the adjuvant is associated with an increase in the frequency of local and systemic early post-vaccine adverse events (3-7 days), but no increase in adverse events was observed thereafter. Currently, MF59 is under evaluation as an adjuvant with other antigens such as pandemic influenza antigens and cytomegalovirus antigens. This article was published in Expert Rev Vaccines and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research

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