alexa Micelles of zinc protoporphyrin conjugated to N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer for imaging and light-induced antitumor effects in vivo.


Journal of Biomimetics Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

Author(s): Nakamura H, Liao L, Hitaka Y, Tsukigawa K, Subr V,

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Abstract We synthesized N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide polymer conjugated with zinc protoporphyrin (HPMA-ZnPP) and evaluated its application for tumor detection by imaging and treatment by light exposure using in mouse sarcoma model. To characterize HPMA-ZnPP micelle, we measured its micellar size, surface charge, stability, photochemical, biochemical properties and tissue distribution. In vivo anti-tumor effect and fluorescence imaging were carried out to validate the tumor selective accumulation and therapeutic effect by inducing singlet oxygen by light exposure. HPMA-ZnPP was highly water soluble and formed micelles spontaneously having hydrophobic clustered head group of ZnPP, in aqueous solution, with a hydrodynamic diameter of 82.8±41.8 nm and zeta-potential of +1.12 mV. HPMA-ZnPP had a long plasma half-life and effectively and selectively accumulated in tumors. Although HPMA-ZnPP alone had no toxicity in S-180 tumor-bearing mice, light-irradiation significantly suppressed tumor growth in vivo, similar to the cytotoxicity to HeLa cells in vitro upon endoscopic light-irradiation. HPMA-ZnPP can visualize tumors by fluorescence after i.v. injection, which suggests that this micelle may be useful for both tumor imaging and therapy. Here we describe preparation of a new fluorescence nanoprobe that is useful for simultaneous tumor imaging and treatment, and application to fluorescence endoscopy is now at visible distance. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Control Release and referenced in Journal of Biomimetics Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

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