Author(s): Sigdel M, Rajbhandari N, Basnet S, Nagila A, Basnet P,
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Abstract Microalbuminuria is considered to be an early stage of diabetic nephropathy as well as a marker of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to see the prevalence of microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetic patients and assess its association with cardiovascular risk factors among them. A total of 143 type 2 diabetic patients with the mean age of 56.06 +/- 1.08 years were analysed. The prevalence of microalbuminuria and overt proteinuria was 45.5\% and 11.2\%, respectively. Prevalence of microalbuminuria in female was marginally higher than in male (p > 0.05). Subjects with microalbuminuria had significantly higher blood pressure (p < 0.001) and duration of diabetes (p < 0.05) compared with normoalbuminuric subjects. High density lipoprotein was found to be significantly lower (p < 0.05) in subjects with microalbuminuria whereas fasting blood sugar, triglyceride, total cholesterol and very low density lipoprotein were marginally higher in microalbuminuric than in normoalbuminuric subjects (p > 0.05). High prevalence of microalbuminuria in diabetic patients and its positive association with blood pressure and altered lipid profile suggests that screening for microalbuminuria is essential for intervention and prevent further complications like end stage renal disease and cardiovascular diseases.
This article was published in Nepal Med Coll J
and referenced in Clinical & Medical Biochemistry