alexa Microarray-based prediction of tumor response to neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Atherosclerosis: Open Access

Author(s): Rimkus C, Friederichs J, Boulesteix AL, Theisen J, Mages J,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND & AIMS: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy has become a standard treatment of locally advanced rectal carcinomas, even though the responsiveness varies from complete response to resistance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the capacity of gene expression signatures to identify responders and nonresponders pretherapeutically. METHODS: By using microarray technology we generated gene expression profiles of 43 biopsy specimens of locally advanced rectal carcinomas. The transcription profile then was compared with histopathologic response and used to identify a set of genes discriminating responders from nonresponders. RESULTS: We identified a gene expression signature of 42 genes, mostly encoding proteins that either play a role in the nucleus, such as the transcription factor ETS2, or are associated with transport function, such as the solute carrier SLC35E1, or the regulation of apoptosis, such as caspase-1. In leave-one-out cross-validation the correct classification of a responder was 71\%, the specificity of the analysis for a correct classification of a nonresponder was 86\%. By applying an additional statistical method of 200 successive splittings into training and test data sets we generated an individual prediction accuracy measure for each predicted response. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that pretherapeutic prediction of response of rectal carcinomas to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy is feasible, and may represent a new valuable and practical tool of therapeutic stratification. This article was published in Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol and referenced in Atherosclerosis: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords