Author(s): Das S, Kumar N, Vishweswaraiah RH, Haldar L, Gaare M,
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Abstract The spore forming Bacillus cereus (66) was screened for the induction of β-lactamase in presence of an inducer using iodometric assay. A significant induction in marker enzyme was observed in B. cereus 66 at maximum residual limit (MRL) of penicillin, ampicillin, cloxacillin, amoxicillin, cefalexin, and cephazolin belonging to β-lactam group of antibiotics. A microbial based assay, where enzyme induction was optimized at pH 7.0, temperature 30°C, and whey powder (0.25\%) after 4 h of incubation. The spore based assay was tested with milk samples spiked with 6 different β-lactam antibiotics. The results were 100 and 83.33\% in correlation with microbial receptor and inhibition based assay, respectively. Overall, spore based assay can be a useful and cost effective tool for the specific detection of β-lactam group of antibiotics in milk.
This article was published in J Food Sci Technol
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