alexa Microbial biosensor for direct determination of nitrophenyl-substituted organophosphate nerve agents using genetically engineered Moraxella sp.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Mulchandani P, Chen W, Mulchandani A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A microbial biosensor consisting of a dissolved oxygen electrode modified with the genetically engineered PNP-degrader Moraxella sp. displaying organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) on the cell surface for sensitive, selective, rapid and direct determination of p-nitrophenyl (PNP)-substituted organophosphates (OPs) is reported. Surface-expressed OPH works in tandem with the PNP oxidation machinery of the Moraxella sp. to degrade PNP-substituted OPs and PNP simultaneously while consuming oxygen, that is proportional to the analyte concentration. The optimum performance was obtained by electrodes constructed using 0.35 mg dry weight of cell and operating at pH 7.5. Operating at optimum conditions the biosensor was able to measure as low as 0.1 microM (27.5 ppb) of paraoxon and had excellent selectivity against triazines, carbamates and OPs without PNP substitutent. The biosensor was stable for a week when stored at 4 degrees C. The applicability of the biosensor to measure OPs in lake water was demonstrated. This article was published in Anal Chim Acta and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 6th World Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy
    Sep 5-6, 2017 London, UK
  • 6th World Congress on Biopolymers
    September 7-9, 2017 Paris, France
  • 7th International Conference and Exhibition on Biopolymers and Bioplastics
    October 19-21, 2017 San Francisco, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version