Author(s): Mulchandani P, Chen W, Mulchandani A
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Abstract A microbial biosensor consisting of a dissolved oxygen electrode modified with the genetically engineered PNP-degrader Moraxella sp. displaying organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) on the cell surface for sensitive, selective, rapid and direct determination of p-nitrophenyl (PNP)-substituted organophosphates (OPs) is reported. Surface-expressed OPH works in tandem with the PNP oxidation machinery of the Moraxella sp. to degrade PNP-substituted OPs and PNP simultaneously while consuming oxygen, that is proportional to the analyte concentration. The optimum performance was obtained by electrodes constructed using 0.35 mg dry weight of cell and operating at pH 7.5. Operating at optimum conditions the biosensor was able to measure as low as 0.1 microM (27.5 ppb) of paraoxon and had excellent selectivity against triazines, carbamates and OPs without PNP substitutent. The biosensor was stable for a week when stored at 4 degrees C. The applicability of the biosensor to measure OPs in lake water was demonstrated.
This article was published in Anal Chim Acta
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation