Author(s): Bachoon DS, Hodson RE, Araujo R
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Abstract The effect of oil amendment in salt marsh sediment microcosms was examined by most probable number (MPN), DNA-hybridization with domain-specific oligonucleotide probes and whole community 16S rDNA-hybridizations. Gas chromatography (GC/MS) analysis of oil residues in sediments from microcosms after 3 months of operation showed that the quantity of petroleum hydrocarbons was lower in microcosms amended with oil compared to microcosms amended with oil+plant detritus. Bacterial numbers (total-MPN) increased in all experimental microcosms (amended with plant detritus, oil, and oil+plant detritus). In comparison to the intact sediment, the proportions of oil-degrading bacteria increased >100-fold in the oil amended microcosm and >10-fold in the plant detritus and the oil+plant detritus amended microcosms. DNA-hybridizations with Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya oligonucleotide probes indicated few changes in the petroleum contaminated sediment community profile. In contrast, rDNA-hybridizations indicated that the bacterial community profile of the oil-impacted sediments, after 1 month of exposure, was significantly different from the control sediment.
This article was published in J Microbiol Methods
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation