alexa Microbiomic subprofiles and MDR1 promoter methylation in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology

Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Author(s): Bebek G, Bennett KL, Funchain P, Campbell R, Seth R,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Clinical observations and epidemiologic studies suggest that the incidence of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) correlates with dental hygiene, implying a role for bacteria-induced inflammation in its pathogenesis. Here we begin to explore the pilot hypothesis that specific microbial populations may contribute to HNSCC pathogenesis via epigenetic modifications in inflammatory- and HNSCC-associated genes. Microbiomic profiling by 16S rRNA sequencing of matched tumor and adjacent normal tissue specimens in 42 individuals with HNSCC demonstrate a significant association of specific bacterial subpopulations with HNSCC over normal tissue (P < 0.01). Furthermore, microbial populations can separate tumors by tobacco status (P < 0.008), but not by alcohol status (P = 0.41). If our subhypothesis regarding a mechanistic link from microorganism to carcinogenesis via inflammation and consequent aberrant DNA methylation is correct, then we should see hypermethylation of relevant genes associate with specific microbiomic profiles. Methylation analysis in four genes (MDR1, IL8, RARB, TGFBR2) previously linked to HNSCC or inflammation shows significantly increased methylation in tumor samples compared with normal oral mucosa. Of these, MDR1 promoter methylation associates with specific microbiomic profiles in tumor over normal mucosa. Additionally, we report that MDR1 methylation correlates with regional nodal metastases in the context of two specific bacterial subpopulations, Enterobacteriaceae and Tenericutes (P < 0.001 for each). These associations may lead to a different, and potentially more comprehensive, perspective on the pathogenesis of HNSCC, and support further exploration of mechanistic linkage and, if so, novel therapeutic strategies such as demethylating agents and probiotic adjuncts, particularly for patients with advanced or refractory disease.
This article was published in Hum Mol Genet and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords