alexa Microplastic particles in sediments of Lagoon of Venice, Italy: First observations on occurrence, spatial patterns and identification
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

Author(s): A Vianello, A Boldrin, P Guerriero, V Moschino, R Rella

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In order to improve knowledge of the identification, distribution and abundances of microplastic particles of 1 mm or less (S-MPPs) in the coastal area of the Mediterranean region, a preliminary monitoring survey was carried out in a transitional environment along the north-eastern Italian coasts, the Lagoon of Venice. S-MPPs were evaluated in sediments collected from 10 sites chosen in shallow areas variously affected by natural conditions and anthropogenic influences (i.e., landward stations influenced by freshwater inputs, seaward areas near sea inlets, and sites influenced by the presence of aquaculture farms, industry and city centers). S-MPPs, extracted from bulk sediments by density separation, were counted and identified by Fourier-Transform Infrared Micro-spectroscopy (μFT-IR). The μFT-IR process included automatic surface chemical mapping and references to an infrared library database to identify the compositional spectra of particles. S-MPPs were recovered from all samples – a fact which emphasizes their extensive distribution throughout the Lagoon. Total abundances varied from 2175 to 672 S-MPPs kg−1 d.w., higher concentrations generally being observed in landward sites. Of the ten polymer types identified, the most abundant, accounting for more than 82% of total S-MPPs, were polyethylene and polypropylene. The most frequent size (93% of observed microplastics) was in the range 30–500 μm. Total S-MPP values were significantly correlated with the finer sediment fraction and with the metal pollution index.

This article was published in Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science and referenced in Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

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